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Bridges in dentistry

In modern dentistry, bridges play a significant role in restoring the function and aesthetics of lost teeth. Let's take a look at what bridges are, their fabrication, types and indications for use.

Published at

April 22, 2024

What are bridges?

A bridge is a tooth-like structure that is used to replace one or more missing teeth. It consists of artificial teeth, called crowns, that are attached to neighboring teeth or implants.

Stages of making a bridge and denture:

  1. Consultation and planning: First, the dentist assesses the condition of the teeth and the tissues around them and then develops a treatment plan.
  2. Preparing the teeth: The neighboring teeth to which the bridge will be attached are treated and shaped for the crowns.
  3. Impression: An impression is taken of the teeth from which the bridge will be made.
  4. Fabrication of the prosthesis: Based on the impression, a bridge structure including crowns and artificial teeth is created in the laboratory.
  5. Fitting: The finished bridge is fixed to the prepared teeth or implants.

Indications for the use of bridges:

— Replacement of one or more missing teeth.
— Restoration of clenching and chewing function.
— Improving the aesthetics of the smile and face.
— Maintaining the shape and structure of the face.

Types of bridge prostheses:

Of course, let's take a closer look at each type of bridge and denture:

1. Classic Bridge:

Description: A classic bridge consists of artificial teeth called crowns that are attached to neighboring teeth called supports. The supports are machined to ensure that the crowns are firmly attached.

Benefits: This type of bridge is usually durable and provides good functionality with proper care. It also provides good aesthetics, as the crowns can be made of ceramic or other materials that mimic the natural look of teeth.

Disadvantages: A classic bridge requires the treatment of healthy teeth as supports, which can lead to potential complications and deterioration of these teeth in the future.

2. Implant bridge:

Description: An implant-supported bridge consists of artificial teeth that are attached to implants embedded in the bone of the jaw. The implants support the bridge, replacing missing teeth and providing stability to the structure.

Advantages: This type of bridge does not require treatment of neighboring teeth, which preserves their health. Implants provide a strong and stable anchorage for the bridge and also help preserve the jaw bone.

Disadvantages: The implant procedure can be time-consuming and more expensive than a classic bridge. In addition, not all patients are suitable for this procedure due to health or bone structure limitations.

3. Adhesive bridge:

— Description: An adhesive bridge is a bridge that is attached with a special adhesive to a tooth that serves as a support. It is often used in cases where it is not possible or desirable to treat neighboring teeth.

 Advantages: This type of bridge provides minimal interference with tooth structure, which helps to preserve the health of the teeth. It can also be placed relatively quickly and painlessly.

Disadvantages: Adhesive bridges can be less reliable than other types of bridges due to dependence on the quality of the adhesive and the condition of the dental tissue to which it is attached.

4. Metal-Ceramic Bridge:

Description: A metal-ceramic bridge has a metal framework on which a ceramic coating is applied to give it a natural look. This type of bridge can be either classic or implant-supported.

Advantages: Metal-ceramic bridges have the strength of a metal framework and the aesthetics of a ceramic coating. They offer a good compromise between strength and aesthetics.

Disadvantages: With metal-ceramic bridges, more tooth tissue may need to be removed to prepare the supports, especially when using a metal framework.

Choosing a specific type of bridge depends on many factors, including the patient's dental condition, preferences, budget, and dentist recommendations. Be sure to consult with a specialist before deciding on dentures.

Denture bridges are a reliable and effective way to restore lost teeth in dentistry. They allow patients to regain self-confidence and comfort in their daily lives. If you are facing the problem of missing teeth, contact your dentist for a consultation about the possibility of bridges.

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