Are you located in Moscow?

Is bleeding gums a sign of health problems?

Are your gums bleeding? The reason may be harmless, for example, incorrect tooth brushing technique. Or it may be related to a health condition that should be checked. We will tell you in detail about the causes and treatment of bleeding gums.

Published at

March 18, 2024

The gums began to bleed. What's the matter?


Bleeding and/or inflammation of the gums are possible signals of gingivitis. This is a common and mild form of gingival tissue disease caused by plaque buildup.

If you have gingivitis, the gingival tissue may be irritated, red and swollen. It also bleeds when you brush your teeth.

In this case, you need to properly care for the oral cavity. Brush
your teeth twice a day, use floss, rinse your mouth daily with antibacterial solution, and visit the dentist regularly.


If you have not eliminated gingivitis, it can develop into periodontitis. It is a chronic gum disease that damages the tissues and bones that support teeth.

With periodontitis, the gums can become inflamed, infected, and break away from the roots of the teeth. Gingival tissue can bleed from any action, whether it is cleaning or eating. Teeth become loose, there is an unpleasant smell from the mouth, an extraneous taste in the mouth.

For the treatment of gums with periodontitis, professional cleaning of the oral cavity is carried out in Olympus Clinics. During cleaning, our dentists remove plaque and tartar, and then sanitize the periodontal canals to eliminate the source of inflammation. After the procedures, you may be prescribed a course of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. If periodontitis is not treated, you can lose some of your teeth. 


In diabetes mellitus, the structure of the walls of blood vessels changes. These changes can disrupt the blood supply to organs and tissues, including periodontal tissues. The gums become less resistant to infections. 

If the dentist cannot determine the cause of bleeding gums, then it is worth checking the health of an endocrinologist. 

Low in vitamin C

Vitamin C helps tissues grow and repair. It heals wounds, strengthens bones and teeth.

If there is not enough of it in the body, then you may feel weak and irritable, and the gums may swell and bleed over time. 

To make up for the lack of vitamin C, you can take vitamin complexes and eat more foods containing it. Foods with a lot of vitamin C: oranges, lemons, grapefruits, strawberries, kiwi, red bell peppers, broccoli, spinach.

If bleeding of the gingival tissue persists or increases, make an appointment with a dentist for diagnosis.

Incorrect dental cleaning technique

In an effort to maintain a snow-white smile, patients may brush their teeth too vigorously. However, the gums are made of delicate tissue, so harsh cleaning can damage them.

Choose a brush with soft nylon bristles and blunt ends if you have sensitive gingival tissue. During brushing, massage and brush your teeth and gums with gentle circular movements. 

Mistakes in using dental floss

The thread is an excellent tool for cleaning hard-to-reach places. But it needs to be used properly. 

Instead of pushing the thread between the teeth, gently slide it up and down, following the curve of each tooth.

Treatment at home does not help. What to do?

The reason can be found out faster and more accurately if you sign up for a consultation with dentists at Olympus Clinics. Our specialists will ask about concerns, inspect the oral cavity and, if the cause is gum disease, prescribe effective treatment. Olympus Clinic specialists are empathic people. Are you afraid of one kind of dental office, and the manipulations of a doctor cause you to panic? Our doctors do not intimidate with diagnoses, support them at every stage of treatment, and treat patients' fears with understanding. They may also suggest sedation treatment. During the procedure, you will doze off, and after that you will wake up with a perfect and healthy smile.

Schedule a visit to the clinic

You can schedule a visit to any of the clinics. Choose the time when it will be convenient for you to receive a return call to confirm the appointment.

By pressing the “Sign up” button, you agree with the terms of personal data processing the terms of personal data processing
Other ways of communication