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Are the gums bleeding — is it gingivitis?

When we think about a smile, we pay attention to the condition of the teeth. But what about the gums? Insufficient oral hygiene can lead to the development of gingival tissue disease. Gingivitis is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation and bleeding of the gums. If it is not eliminated, it can develop into periodontitis. Let's talk about the symptoms and treatment of gingivitis.

Published at

March 16, 2024

Signs of gingivitis

Are you sure you don't have gum problems, but you haven't visited a dentist in a long time? You can really be healthy, but the disease is sometimes asymptomatic. 
This is one of the reasons why you should regularly come to the dentist for an examination. 

We have collected signs that may signal the development of the disease: 

  • Swollen, painful and red gums;

  • Blood during tooth brushing;

  • Receding gums;

  • Bad breath;

  • Constant unpleasant taste in the mouth.

If you notice similar signs, make an appointment at Olympus Clinics. Our dentists will conduct a thorough examination of the oral cavity, ask about concerns and provide painless treatment. 

Types of gingivitis

  1. Catarrhal gingivitis: The most common form, characterized by mild inflammation of the gingival tissue, bleeding and lack of deep pockets.

  2. Hypertrophic gingivitis: Manifested by thickening and compaction of the gums, possibly with the formation of keratinized areas.

  3. Ulcerative gingivitis: It is accompanied by pain in the gingival tissue, bleeding, and ulceration. It often occurs in children and adolescents, especially during periods of stress or decreased immunity. 

Depending on the severity of the symptoms, gingivitis is divided into acute and chronic forms. 
In acute gingivitis, symptoms appear quickly. It can be caused by improper oral hygiene, stress, injury. Acute signals are inflammation of the gingival tissue, bleeding, swelling, redness, pain.

In chronic gingivitis, the symptoms are less pronounced and do not occur immediately. The causes of the chronic form are prolonged absence or lack of oral hygiene, smoking, stress, hormonal changes or systemic diseases. 

Why does it occur? Causes of gingivitis

If you brush your teeth twice a day, use mouthwashers, floss, then you are already eliminating the common cause of the disease - lack of oral hygiene. 

Smoking is another risk factor. In smokers, gingival tissue diseases occur twice as often as in non-smokers.

There are other reasons that contribute to the occurrence of gingivitis:

  • Improperly installed fillings or crowns can make it difficult to clean teeth and become a source of inflammation.

  • Some medications for epilepsy, calcium channel blockers, antihypertensive drugs.

  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy, menstruation, or menopause.

  • Stress can reduce the body's ability to fight infection.

  • Lack of vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin C.

How is gingivitis treated in Olympus Clinics?

Dentists at Olympus Clinics will conduct a thorough examination of the oral cavity and gums to determine the degree of inflammation and the presence of other problems. For diagnosis, the doctor can measure the gingival pocket with a dental probe. The instrument is carefully inserted into the area between the gingival tissue and the tooth. In a healthy oral cavity, the pockets have a depth of 1-3 mm. If you have gum disease, the pockets may be deeper than 4 mm. When deep gingival pockets are found, our dentists take an X-ray to assess the loss of bone mass of the tooth.

The next stage is professional oral hygiene. A painless procedure, after which the smile acquires a natural radiance. During oral cleansing, our specialists remove tartar, plaque, which can contribute to the development of the disease. After professional cleaning in Olympus Clinics, discomfort will disappear, and the gums will become a healthy pink color again.

Schedule a visit to the clinic

You can schedule a visit to any of the clinics. Choose the time when it will be convenient for you to receive a return call to confirm the appointment.

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