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How can I choose the basic hygiene products for the oral cavity at home?

First of all, let's figure out what tools exist.

Published at

June 18, 2024

Toothbrush
Monopuckle Toothbrush
Dental floss
Toothbrushes
Tongue Scraper
Toothpaste
Rinse aid
Remineralizing gels
Irrigator


TOOTHBRUSHES COME IN TWO TYPES:
ELECTRICAL AND MANUAL
MANUAL TOOTHBRUSHES
It is important to remember the main rules when choosing a manual toothbrush:
- smooth bevel of the bristles
- soft/soft-medium hardness
*stiffness is important to select from the indications, but mainly a soft brush is required for the prevention of gum and dental diseases
- densely packed bristles
- brushes must be made of artificial pile
*do not be fooled by a marketing ploy with natural lint, the simplest example is our hair - imagine their pores, into which bacteria clog, I think everything immediately becomes clear
- the size of the head is equal to 1.5 tooth size
- absence of plastic and rubber elements

advantages:
- You fully regulate the cleaning process yourself
- Self-contained (do not require charging)
- Low cost (compared to electric ones)
- With proper cleaning techniques, easily clean even the most inaccessible places
- Mobile (you can take it with you anywhere)
CONS:
- There is no application to determine the area of work
- There is no pressure indicator
- There are no special modes

ELECTRIC TOOTHBRUSHES ADVANTAGES:
- Using the application (on some models), you can track the area of work, that is, where you cleaned and where you didn't
- An indicator of the pressure force, which helps not to injure the gum and not "erase" the enamel
- Various modes that are suitable for different complaints in the oral cavity: gentle, whitening, cleansing, gum massage (which improves blood circulation in the parotid tissues)
- Reciprocating rotational movements of the head, which improves home hygiene without knowledge of cleaning techniques

minuses:
- Requires charging
- Cost (compared to manual ones)
- If there are contraindications to using an electric toothbrush, it can worsen the condition in the oral cavity

MONOPUCK TOOTHBRUSHES
Thanks to its small rounded head, it penetrates into the most inaccessible areas of the oral cavity, efficiently cleans interdental spaces, gingival edges and fissures on chewing teeth.
It is mandatory for people with braces, implants and crowns!

TOOTHPASTES


It is a very important element in oral care, since, in fact, it is a "pill" that we remove all problems in the oral cavity
1. Fluorinated. They are recommended for people with weakened tooth enamel. Due to the high content of fluoride, the paste strengthens the enamel and prevents the development of caries.
2. Therapeutic and preventive measures. Pastes of this type differ from other categories in their composition. It includes medicinal substances that prevent the development of inflammatory processes and strengthen tissues. The ingredients may include plant extracts, essential oils, minerals and salts.
3. Bleaching agents. A special type of toothpaste that does not perform a preventive or curative task, but is recommended as a means to maintain the aesthetics of teeth. Experts recommend using bleaching agents only 2-3 times a week, since the abrasive components of the composition can harm the enamel with frequent use.

REMINERALIZING GELS
They are selected strictly according to indications for hypersensitivity of the teeth. But at the same time, it is important to use them constantly, because they have a cumulative, not a one-time effect.

IRRIGATOR
The irrigator is one of the most important elements for oral care (on a level with a brush and paste):
- Prevention of caries, helps to get rid of plaque on teeth and tongue
- Removes plaque in hard-to-reach places (wisdom teeth, dental contacts, orthodontic structures)
- For the prevention and treatment of gum diseases.
The irrigator improves blood circulation and accelerates regeneration processes. This helps strengthen the gums and reduce bleeding.
- For the prevention of gingivitis. The disease can occur in pregnant and lactating women due to a deterioration in the blood supply to the mucous membranes.
- Helps in eliminating bad breath, as it removes bacterial plaque better
- THE BEST FRIEND if there are: implants, crowns, bridges, braces in the oral cavity
- Improvement of blood circulation of the gums (gum massage)

How to choose the right irrigator

1. The presence of pulsations of the liquid jet. These pulsations are extremely short (1200 to 2000 micro pulses per minute). It is almost impossible for a person to feel them, but they create microhydraulic shocks that allow the most effective removal of impurities.
There is no significant difference between the efficiency of models performing 1200, 1400 and 1800|ripple. It is important that this function is generally available in the characteristics of the device.
2. The pressure of the liquid jet (head). The indicator is measured in kPa (kilopascals). The optimal pressure is considered to be 500-550 kPa. There are models that create a higher pressure of the water jet (up to 870 kPa), but this is hardly an absolute advantage, since high pressure can be painful even for the gums of a healthy adult.
3. The ability to adjust the pressure of the water jet. The presence of such a function is very important, especially if the device is chosen for family use. It is optimal that at least 4-5 pressure levels are provided; preferably with a minimum value of about 70 kPa and smooth pressure adjustment. For children, the elderly, as well as people with minor gum damage or inflammation, or just starting to use the device, it is better to use an irrigator set to minimum pressure.
4. Availability of additional operating modes. Some models are able to create not only a pulsating monostream, but also a "turbo stream" that provides gum massage. This characteristic is not necessary, but it expands the possibilities of using the device.
5. Application of microbubble technology.
Some manufacturers use advanced technology in their devices to mix water with air bubbles. A water jet containing up to 5% of air bubbles removes impurities better and gives an additional bactericidal effect.
6. The volume of the liquid tank. This characteristic determines only the convenience of use.
If the container is small, then the liquid will need to be refilled more often. If the container is large, then excess liquid must be sprayed after use to avoid stagnation of water.
7. The volume of the liquid tank. There should be an individual nozzle for each family member.
In addition, there are attachments for implants, for cleaning the tongue, periodontal, orthodontic, standard, nasal, etc.

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