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How to correct distal occlusion?

Occlusion is the closing of the teeth of the upper and lower jaw. In case of distal occlusion, the patient's lower jaw has a posterior position. Will braces help with distal bite? Let's talk about the diagnosis and treatment of distal occlusion.

Published at

March 15, 2024

Signs of distal occlusion

Internal: Violation of the ratio of dentition. The upper teeth protrude forward and form a gap that is larger than with a physiological bite. Or, conversely, they are tilted strongly backwards and form a deep ratio in the frontal area.

External: Due to the strong inclination of the upper teeth, the upper lip may have a protruding position, and the lower lip may sink. There is no clear contour of the corners of the lower jaw. In a relaxed state, the mouth is slightly ajar due to the inability to close the lips. Pronounced submental fold.

Functional: With pronounced protrusion (tilt) of the teeth, difficulties with chewing occur, as well as problems with periodontitis (the presence of recessions and abfractions).

Causes of malocclusion

We have collected the factors that contribute to the development of malocclusion:

  • The child's habit of sucking his finger, prolonged use of the nipple, breathing through the mouth.

  • If the parents have an incorrect bite, then the pathology may occur in the child. Heredity is the most common cause. 

  • Disorders of intrauterine development and pathology of pregnancy (anemia of the mother, intrauterine infection of the fetus, etc.).

  • Failure to follow the correct methods of feeding. The nipple opening should be small enough for the child to make efforts for chewing and sucking movements.

Correction of distal occlusion


These are transparent removable mouthguards that are created from dental casts. The most aesthetic and modern method of bite correction. After drawing up a treatment plan at Olympus Clinics, the patient receives several sets of mouthguards. The cap is designed for two weeks, and then it needs to be changed for the next one. And so on until the final result. The course of treatment lasts from 1.5 to 2 years.


At Olympus Clinics, our orthodontists can offer you self-ligating American-made braces. Unlike ligature systems, they have fewer metal elements. The ligature-free system has a special mechanism (clips) that holds the arc in the bracket without requiring additional ligature. The teeth move smoothly and freely to the correct position, so the treatment may be shorter. 

Surgical intervention

It is chosen in the case when orthodontic treatment is not enough for the desired result. The purpose of orthognathic surgery for distal occlusion is to correct the position of the jaws. 

Is malocclusion corrected only in childhood?

It is never too late to correct the occlusion violation. Malocclusion can lead to deterioration of the structure of the enamel and teeth. Treatment in adulthood can be more difficult and time-consuming than in children and adolescents. In adult patients, the bones of the face are already formed, they are less prone to change. However, modern orthodontic treatment methods such as self-ligating braces, aligners, and orthognathic surgery can be effective in correcting distal occlusion.

More than just a treatment

Bite correction in Olympus Clinics is taking care of the patient at every stage of treatment. During the consultation, our orthodontists carefully examine the position of the teeth and jaws with the mouth open and closed. They also pay attention to the symmetry of the face and how your teeth close together. For diagnosis, X-rays, computed tomography are performed, and casts of the patient's teeth are taken. Next is teamwork. The doctor makes a treatment plan based on your goals, budget, and vision of beauty for choosing an orthodontic design. Together with the doctor, you discuss how often and at what time visits will take place for design adjustments and progress monitoring.

Schedule a visit to the clinic

You can schedule a visit to any of the clinics. Choose the time when it will be convenient for you to receive a return call to confirm the appointment.

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