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What should I do if I have a toothache?

Toothache is one of the most unpleasant sensations that a person can experience. It can appear for various reasons and interfere with life, constantly reminding you of yourself. In this article, we will tell you what to do if you have a toothache and how to relieve the pain before visiting the dentist. We will also discuss the causes of toothache, symptoms and treatment methods.

Published at

July 4, 2024

What should I do if I have a toothache?

Toothache is one of the most unpleasant sensations that a person can experience. It can appear for various reasons and interfere with life, constantly reminding you of yourself. 

In this article, we will tell you what to do if you have a toothache and how to relieve the pain before visiting the dentist. We will also discuss the causes of toothache, symptoms and treatment methods.

The main causes of toothache

Dental decay
The most common cause of toothache. It occurs due to the destruction of tooth tissues by bacteria, which leads to the formation of a carious cavity. If caries is not treated, the carious cavity increases in size due to bacteria towards the pulp of the tooth, causing inflammation and severe pain.

Pulpitis
Inflammation of the pulp (nerve) of the tooth. Pulpitis causes severe, throbbing pain, which can worsen when chewing or eating hot and cold food. It must be treated immediately so that the infection does not begin to spread further, passing into the next form of tooth disease. 

Periodontitis
Inflammation of the tissues surrounding the root of the tooth. It can also cause pain, especially when chewing and pressing on the tooth. If periodontitis is not treated, it can lead to tooth loss and periostitis.

Periostitis
Purulent-inflammatory process localized in the periosteum. In the common people they are called flux.

Tooth injury
Cracks, chipped or dislocated teeth can cause acute pain. Injuries can occur due to falls, bumps, or malocclusion.


Symptoms of dental diseases

Acute or dull tooth pain
Pain when chewing food
Pain when opening the mouth
Pain in the lower jaw
Pain when swallowing and chewing
Pain when taking hot or cold foods
Pain when pressing on a tooth
Spontaneous pain for no apparent reason

When to see a doctor

If you have a toothache, do not delay your visit to the dentist. Consult a doctor if the pain persists after taking painkillers, increases when pressing on the teeth and is accompanied by an increase in temperature. Swelling, pus discharge and bad breath are other warning signs that it is worth making an appointment with a doctor. 

How to relieve toothache before visiting a doctor

If you have a toothache, it is important to see a dentist as soon as possible. But before the visit, measures can be taken to temporarily relieve the pain:

Painkillers: painkillers prescribed by a doctor will help reduce pain and inflammation. 
Rinse with saline solution: dilute a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water and rinse your mouth with this solution several times a day to reduce inflammation and disinfect the oral cavity.
Avoid hard and hard foods: Eat soft foods and avoid chewing on the side where the tooth hurts to reduce pressure on the sore tooth.
Cold compress: will apply

Prevention of toothache

Hygiene rules will help to avoid toothache: brush your teeth twice a day, use dental floss to remove food residues between your teeth. Try to limit the consumption of sweet and sour foods.

It is also important to visit the dentist regularly. Make an appointment with a doctor at least twice a year for a preventive examination and professional dental cleaning.

If you have a toothache, do not ignore the discomfort

It is better to seek medical help as soon as possible. This will help you avoid a lot of problems and keep your teeth healthy for many years to come.

Olymp Clinics employs experienced dentists who will help you cope with any toothache. During the consultation, a specialist will conduct an examination, make an accurate diagnosis and propose the most effective treatment plan. 

Do not suffer pain – come to Olympus Clinic for qualified help and a healthy smile!

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